How can I define my skin type?
There is a whole range of different skin types. Many factors, such as the weather, use of medicines, smoking, hormons or a diet can be of great influence on the skin. We will give you an overview of the most common skin types and describe certain characteristics of the skin you might have.
Normal skin holds an adequate amount of water and lipids, and there is a perfect balance between them. Normal skin is free of wrinkles, fine lines or sun damage and has no sign of dryness. It doesn’t have any oily parts either or signs of imperfections. It has barely visible pores and the skin tone is very even. This is the ideal standard but unfortunately hard to find above the age of 25.
This type of skin is easily irritated and reacts more to heat, wind, stress, hormones or spicy food than normal skin does. It is mainly dry and suffers often of redness, dermatitis and broken veins. A sensitive skin can be caused amongst others by a damaged skin barrier.
Dry skin usually has fine lines and more wrinkles due to dehydration than an oily skin type. The pores are almost invisible and the skin can be fine and delicate. The skin appears dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. Dry skin can be caused by the fact that the sebum production reduces as a consequence of the aging process. Hormonal aging and external factors such as the weather, air conditioning or UV rays can also be of influence.
This mixed facial skin type is rather oilier on the forehead, nose and chin than on the cheeks and around the eyes. Causes of combination skin are an imbalance in the production and distribution of lipids typically due to hormonal and genetic factors. This skin type is very common.
Overactive sebaceous glands producing more oil than is needed, cause an oily surface on the skin. This hyperactivity of the glands is mainly caused by hormonal imbalances, stress, antibiotics or exposure to heat. This type of skin appears shiny and feels greasy. It has enlarged pores and is often combined with visible blackheads. Predominately adolescents and younger persons have an oily skin.
The skin undergoes changes as it ages, especially the shifting balance of hormones during the menopause are of influence on the condition of the skin. The sebum production slows down and collagen reduces because of exposure to the sun and free radicals. Lines appear around the eyes and skin loses its elasticity and begins to sag.